Food Safety Resources

Emerging pathogens

Focus on emerging pathogens and foodborne or waterborne diseases

Jan 2013

Clostridium difficile as a Risk Associated with Animal Sources

C. difficile, a common cause of diarrhea in healthcare settings, has become more prominent in the community as more virulent strains emerge. This paper reviews data on epidemiology of C. difficile, including the potential for foodborne transmission.

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Feb 2012

Helicobacter spp. — Food- or Waterborne Pathogens?

Although H. pylori is a known cause of ulcers and gastric cancer, it resides in the gastrointestinal tract of about half the world's population who are usually asymptomatic. Some other Helicobacter species infect mammals, birds and reptiles. Transmission of H. pylori is not well understood because these bacteria enter a viable but nonculturable state when exposed to stressful conditions outside the body.
Appendix: Earlier review on Helicobacter pylori (1997).

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Aug 2011

Toxins from Cyanobacteria

Human exposure to cyanobacterial toxins primarily occurs through ingestion of contaminated water or shellfish, with some additional exposure through dietary supplements, other foods, and aerosols from lakes with cyanobacterial blooms. This review addresses recent information on microcystins, β-methylamino-L-alanine, paralytic shellfish toxins, and anatoxin-a.
Appendix: Earlier review on the alga Pfiesteria (1998).

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Feb 2011

White Paper on Sources of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Other Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci: Implications for Our Food Supply?

Methicillin-resistant staphylococci: infections in animals and humans, presence in food, and potential food safety implications

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Apr 2010

Non-O157:H7 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli from meat and non-meat sources

Epidemiology, detection, outbreaks, infection routes, and interventions

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Nov 2004

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: update

Update of previous review; prion structure, analytical methods; CWD, BSE, and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.
Appendix, earlier BSE briefs: historical review, current issues and strategies for control of transmission spongiform encephalopathies (1996-2002).

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Jul 1998

Campylobacter Chronic Effects

Food vectors; Guillain-Barr syndrome.

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Apr 1997

Mycobacterium paratuberculosis — Another Emerging Pathogen of the Human Gastrointestinal Tract?

Presence in milk; possible link to Crohn's disease.

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Jan 1997

Emergence of a Highly Virulent Strain of Salmonella typhimurium

Multiple antibiotic resistance.

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

Helicobacter pylori

Gastritis, ulcers.

import_contacts Food Safety Brief

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